Gdpr and Data Transfer Agreements

As a copy editor with knowledge of SEO, it is important for me to understand the latest updates on GDPR and data transfer agreements. This article will explain the key points to consider when transferring personal data across borders and how GDPR affects such transfers.

What is GDPR?

General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is a privacy regulation implemented by the European Union (EU) to protect the personal data of EU citizens. The GDPR applies to any organization that processes or handles personal data of EU citizens, regardless of its location.

Data Transfer Agreements

Data transfer agreements are contracts that organizations must have in place when transferring personal data outside the EU. These agreements define the responsibilities of both parties involved in the transfer of personal data and ensure that the data is adequately protected.

Transfer Mechanisms

There are different mechanisms that organizations can use when transferring personal data outside the EU. These mechanisms include:

1. Adequacy decisions: This mechanism refers to instances where the European Commission has determined that the destination country provides an adequate level of protection for personal data.

2. Standard contractual clauses (SCCs): SCCs are contracts between the exporting organization and the importing organization that ensure that both parties protect personal data adequately.

3. Binding corporate rules (BCRs): BCRs are internal rules that organizations that operate in more than one EU member state can establish to ensure that personal data is adequately protected when transferred within the organization.

4. Derogations: Derogations refer to specific situations where the GDPR permits data transfers without the need for adequacy decisions, SCCs, or BCRs. Examples of derogations include explicit consent, contracts, and legal obligations.

Impact of GDPR on Data Transfer Agreements

The GDPR has imposed new obligations on organizations that transfer personal data outside the EU. To begin with, organizations must now conduct a risk assessment before transferring personal data outside the EU. The risk assessment must assess the destination country`s legal framework and the importers` ability to protect personal data.

Additionally, organizations must ensure that the transfer mechanism used is adequate depending on the circumstances of the transfer. The GDPR imposes strict requirements on organizations that use SCCs, including the need to include specific information in the SCCs.


The GDPR has changed the way organizations around the world transfer personal data outside the EU. Organizations must now ensure that personal data is adequately protected when transferred outside the EU, and they must use one of the transfer mechanisms outlined above. To avoid falling foul of the GDPR, it is essential that organizations understand the GDPR`s requirements and comply with them when transferring personal data.

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